Jaisalmer Fort (Known as Sonar Kila and Golden Fort) – History & Architecture

Jaisalmer Fort (Known as Sonar Kila and Golden Fort)

Jaisalmer Fort is a most beautiful fort in Rajasthan. This is a World Heritage Site. It was constructed by Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD, so the name of the fort was also named after him. Jaisalmer Fort stands on the Trikuta Mountains of the Thar Desert, and there has been quite a history of fighting. The fort has huge yellow sandstone stone walls. In the light of the sun during the day, the wall of this fort looks like a light golden color. For this reason, this fort is also known as Sonar Kila or Golden Fort. This fort is built in the heart of the city and as the historical heritage of Jaisalmer, people come to see this fort. In 2013, Jaisalmer Fort was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site with 5 Second Kilometers of Rajasthan in the 37th World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Colombia.

History

The fort of Jaisalmer was built in 1156 AD by Raval Jaisal. Jaisal quarreled in the conspiracy made by Sultan of Gaur so that he could save his area from his nephew Bhojdev. Another important incident of the fort fell in 1276 when the king of the caste got angry with the Sultan of Delhi and attacked him.

56 Neutrality was created by 3700 soldiers, 8 years after the invasion, the Sultan’s army destroyed the palace. At that time the furnaces controlled the fort, but they had no meaning of strength. In 1306, he was selected as the queen of the palace for the bravery of Dudu to force Rathod out of force.

And since then they started constructing the fort, but Rawal could not bear the attack of the Mughal empire, and as a result, he went to the refuge of Akbar in 1570 and he got married to his daughter too.

In the medieval period, the city played a major role while dealing with Persia, Arabia, Egypt, and Africa. The fort has 3 floors of walls. The outer and lower layer of the fort is made of solid stones. The second and middle layers are made in the form of snakes all around the fort. Once, Rajputa had thrown boiled water and oil over the enemies from the walls and surrounded them between the second and third walls. Thus, for the protection of the fort, 99 of the 99 bridges were constructed, out of which 92 was built between 1633 and 1647.

Alauddin Khilji invaded the fort in the 13th century and got it, and for 9 years he kept the fort under his control. At the time of the siege of the fort, Rajput women dedicated themselves to jauhar. The second battle of the fort took place in 1541 when Mughal ruler Humayun attacked Jaisalmer.

By 1762 the Mughals had control over the fort, after which the fort was controlled by Maharawal Mulraj. Due to the fort being settled on a secluded place, the fort defended the wait of Maratha.

Due to the agreement between the former Indian company and Mulraj, on 12 December 1818, the king was considered to be the successor of the fort and he was also provided security during the attack. After the death of Mulraj in 1820, his grandson, Gaj Singh, took control of his hands.

By the advent of British rule, sea trade started on the Bombay port, due to Bombay’s growth, but Jaisalmer’s financial condition became fragile. After independence and the partition of India, the ancient trade system was completely closed. But then during the Indo-Pak war in 1965 and 1971 Jaisalmer Fort had proved its greatness.

The Jaisalmer fort is so vast that the whole people can live in that fort and today even 4000 people live there, from which the Brahmins and the Daroga community are from Bahat. These people used to work under the supervision of Bhati rulers and since then they are living in the same fort. But as soon as Jaisalmer’s population grew, those people also started living below the Trikuta Mountains.

Jaisalmer Fort Architecture

This fort is 1500 feet (460 m) long and 750 feet (230 m) wide and stands at 250 feet (76 m) high mountain. The bastion of the fort is 15 feet long. Fort of the fort has built a series of about 30 feet. There are four entrances to the fort from the city, one of which is a towel on the door-

  • Raj Palace (Royal Palace)
  • Lakshminnath temple
  • 4 spacious entrances
  • Merchant mansion

The wealthy businessmen of Rajasthani cities have also made big Havelis. Some of the havelis are more than a decade old. Jaisalmer city has many huge and beautiful havelis built of yellow stones.

Some of the havelis have a lot of floors and numerous rooms, as well as the windows of the havelis are decorated in a royal fashion and special and charming artwork has been done on the balcony and door. Some of these havelis have become a museum today but in Jaisalmer’s Havelis, there are still families living. One of them is Haveli Vyas Mansion which was built in the 15th century but still remains there for them.

Speaking of another mansion, the name of Shri Nath Bhawan comes, where at some time the Jaisalmer was the head of the house. Some doors of the Havelis of Jaisalmer remind us of the artworks of the ancient wood.

There is also a magnificent drainage system in the fort which was named Chuva Dali which easily runs the rainwater away from the fort in four directions.

How to reach

Jaisalmer is situated to the very extent of Rajasthan and is a popular tourist destination, so it is well connected to the rest of India and Rajasthan along with airways, railways, and roads.

Jaisalmer Jodhpur Airport is 300 kilometers away. Jodhpur is connected with all the major metros in India, with government-owned private airlines. From Jodhpur you can rent cabs or train according to your wish and priority. Direct trains from Jaisalmer are available for Jodhpur and Delhi.

Jaisalmer is well connected with the well-maintained roads to the rest of the state. Due to being close to the Indo-Pak passenger, a special emphasis is placed on its maintenance. Deluxe and ordinary buses of Rajasthan roadways and private companies have made the roadways main bus stand in front of the railway station for Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, Barmer, Mount Abu, Jalore, Ahmedabad etc and the State Bank of Bikaner and the Golden Bus Terminal near Jaipur, Shiva The road, Jaisalmer has two major bus stands.

Jaisalmer city also acts as the border of western Rajasthan (and India). This ‘Golden City’ is situated close to the Pakistan border and is near the Thar Desert. The most important landmark in the city is Jaisalmer’s fort.

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