About Haldighati war
Haldighati is the historic place of the famous Rajasthan in Indian history, where Maharana Pratap fought innumerable battles to show his motherland’s shame and demonstrated bravery. Haldighati is located 27 miles (about 43.2 km) northwest of Rajasthan and 7 miles (about 11.2 km) west of Nathdwara from Udaipur district of Rajasthan. It was here that a fierce battle took place on 18 June 1576 in the Mughal army of Emperor Akbar and Maharana Pratap and his Rajput army.  In this war Pratap along with several Rajput warriors including Hakim Khan Sur was also present. In this war, Rana Pratap was given by local natives, which was the main point of this war. King Mansingh was leading the army from the Mughals.
Haldighati history is situated in a distance of some distance away from the road going to Nathdwara from Udaipur, and it is a famous place where in 1576 AD, there was a fierce battle between Maharana Pratap and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s armies. This place is also called ‘Goganda’. In Rajput kings of Akbar’s time, Maharana Pratap of Mewar was like this, who did not like the friendly slavery of the Mughal emperor. On this same matter, his Aamer’s Mansingh had become disturbed, in consequence of the provocation of Mansingh, Akbar himself sent a heavy army to attack Mewar under the leadership of Mansingh and Salim (Jahangir).
Battle of Haldighati occurred on 18 June 1576 AD. In it, Rana Pratap displayed an amazing bravery Veergati was received in this war when his ultimate devotee became Sardar. Gajsin Salim was saved from Pratap’s miserable spear. Pratap wounded the situation, but his brave horse came out of the battlefield, where Chetak gave up his life. At this place, the mausoleum of this devoted horse can still be seen. In this war, 14 out of 22 Sahastra army of Pratap had come. Of this 500 soldiers were related to Rana Pratap. The Mughal army suffered heavy losses and even about 500 Sardar was killed. In addition to the army which had accompanied Salim, an army was kept safe for assistance on time. And the Army’s repatriation of the main army continued to be equal. This is precisely why historians have not written the exact number of casualties of the Mughals. Rana Pratap had to spend a lot of time after this war. But he never gave up courage and took away most of his kingdom from the Mughals. This war remained inconclusive.
The holy sacrifice of Haldighati Rajputana is the land, which has painted the pages of history with a magnificent saga of bravery and bliss. He is the immortal sacrifice of the Bhils for his country and the king, that gloriousness of the Rajput heroes and Maharana‘s famous fate in the history of power. All these facts are the ultimate subdivision of heroism. The warm blood of Mewar made the particle particles red in Haldighati in Shravan Samvat 1633 v. Maharana Pratap‘s beloved, Ashwat Chetak, did so much labor in bringing him in peace that in the end, he fell to the feet of his master forever.
Preparation of the war, the successor of Delhi, Prince Salim (later Emperor Jahangir), climbed to the battle with the Mughal army. Along with him, King Mansingh and Sagrishi’s caste son Mohabat was also there. Pratap confronted Akbar’s son in his mountains and twenty-two thousand Rajputs. To the west end of Aravali, the royal army did not face any resistance, but the route ahead was in the control of Pratap. Pratap came in the hills towards the west of his new capital. The length of this area was approximately 80 miles (about 128 km) and the same width was. All the terrain was surrounded by mountains and forests. In the middle, many small rivers flowed. The route towards the capital was so tight and inaccessible that two vehicles could have come with great difficulty. The name of this place is Haldighati, it is like taking the mountain standing at its entrance and entering it was like buying a crisis. The people of Bhil along with Pratap also stuck with bow and arrow. There were stacks of big stones near the Bhils, as soon as the enemy came from the front, the stones were rolled and they were planned to break their heads.
Battle of Haldighati
Maharana Uday Singh was made Rana in 1541 AD and shortly after the formation of Rana, the Mughal army of Akbar attacked Mewar and surrounded Chittoor. But Rana Uday Singh did not accept Akbar’s submission and went to the old town of Udaipur, near the ancient Ashtapur. After them, Maharana Pratap also continued the war and did not accept submission. ‘Battle of Haldighati‘ is famous in ‘Indian history‘. The Battle of ‘Haldighati‘ was fought between Rajputs and Mughal soldiers in June 1576 AD. Emperor Akbar sent the Mughal army under attack by the leadership of King Mansingh and Asaf Khan to win Mewar completely. Between the two armies, there was a war between the Haldighati branch of the Aravali hill near ‘Gogunda’.
As soon as the two armies were confronted, the war started gently and the knight warriors on both sides got injured and fell on the ground. Pratap, riding his horse Chetak, quickly reached within the enemy’s army and searched for the enemy of Rajputs Mansoor Singh. He did not get it, but Pratap reached the place where Salim was sitting on his elephant. Pratap’s sword killed many bodyguards of Salim, and if there was no thick iron sheet in the middle of Pratap’s spear and Salim, then Akbar would have lost his heir. Rana Pratap‘s horse Chetak tried his best to fulfill his desire, and in all the historical paintings, a raised foot of Chetak and Pratap’s spear in the slopes of Salim’s elephant has been marked by Mahavat’s chest rubbish.
Mannaji’s sacrifice, when Mahavat was killed, the injured elephant was running away from the war land including Salim, but Salim controlled it. The war became even more dreadful at the time when many Mughal soldiers mounted on the same side as they saw Rana Pratap‘s attack on Prince Salim and surrounded Pratap and attacked him from all four sides. Rana Pratap had the crown of Mewar on the head so that all the Mughals were able to recognize Pratap. That is why the Mughal soldiers were making him destructive. Rajput soldiers were also struggling to keep Rana alive on the palm. But gradually they were trapped in a crisis. After examining the seriousness of the situation, Sardar Mannanji (the ‘Gali Mann’) sacrificed his life while presenting an unparalleled ideal of self-sacrifice. He went ahead of Sardar Mannaji’s fast and took the crown from Pratap’s head and kept it on his head and went on a short distance with a swift battle to start boisterous war. The Mughal soldier considered him as a glory and broke up on him and Pratap got an opportunity to get away from the war land. His whole body was blown away by countless wounds. Going by the battleground, Pratap saw Mannaji die. Rajputs fought bravely against the Mughals. Of the twenty-two thousand Rajput soldiers present on the battleground, only eight thousand alive soldiers escaped from the battlefield in some way and the Mughals also suffered heavy losses and they had to retreat.
End of Haldighati war
Battle of Haldighati ‘war was inconclusive. The open war was over but the conflict was not ended. In order to carry out the struggle in future, Rana Pratap and his army moved from the war zone to the hill state. In the next few years, when Akbar’s meditation was done in other works, Pratap had again occupied his place. In 1597, he died in Chavand. Due to not accepting Akbar’s submission, the stories of Pratap‘s courage and valor will remain bunker until the war will be described. During the war, Pratap‘s valiant horse Chetak was injured, yet he managed to take away his badly injured Swami from the battlefield. He protected himself from falling into the hands of his master’s enemies and the endless Maviragati got it. A memorial remains in the memory of Chetak near the battlefield. Now there is a museum here. A museum of the Battlefield of Haldighati has been kept in this museum. Apart from this, things related to Maharana Pratap have also been preserved. Maharana Pratap‘s younger brother Shakti Singh was in the army of Mughal. After seeing Pratap injured, two Mughals started following the sensational Pratap. Shakti Singh’s brother Prem jumped and Mughal Cenico killed and defended his brother, and Chetak gave up his life at that place, where even today Chetak‘s memorial is built. It was only inconclusive that one thing from this war is revealed that in Akbar, Pratap‘s fear was that he also sent a Rajput (Mansingh) and his son to the war with Maharana Pratap and there were many Rajputs in his army, they did not come in front of Maharana.
Battle of Haldighati Facts
- Battle of Haldighati was not only the history of Rajasthan but also an important battle in the history of Hindustan, in which the Akbar’s army had come face-to-face to defeat Maharaja Pratap while defeating Rajputs. Let us tell you interesting facts about this war.
- The battle of Haldighati was so because Maharana Pratap had refused to accept Akbar’s submission, till then all the kings of Rajasthan had surrendered to Akbar.
- The glory and fame of Maharana Pratap are also more because more than half of the Mughals who ruled India were struggling to save their homeland while they had less strength.
- The battle of Haldighati was not for many days but it was finished on the same day. It was only in four hours, when on 21 June 1576, the army of Maharana Pratap and Akbar had come face to face.
- The Chief General of Maharana Pratap’s army was a warrior like Ram Singh Tanwar of Gwalior, Krishnadas Chundavat, Ramdas Rathod, Purohit Gopinath, Shankardas, Charan alike, Purohit Jagannath.
- The army of Maharana Pratap was led by the Afghan warrior Hakim Khan Sur, whose family was the old hater of Akbar when the Mughals defeated the Sher Shah Suri of the Suri dynasty, so he wanted to beat the Mughals.
- 400-500 Bhils were also included as tribal forces on Maharana Pratap, which were led by Bhil Raja Rao Punja. Bhil had been the patriarch of Rajputa since the beginning.
- According to James Todd, who wrote the history of Rajasthan, 22,000 soldiers in the army of Maharana Pratap in Battle of Haldighati, while Akbar’s army had 80,000 soldiers.
- On the other hand, Akbar himself did not come to lead Akbar’s army, while he sent the king Raja Man Singh (Man Singh I) as the Commander to fight against Maharana Pratap. It was a strange coincidence that Rajput was fighting with Rajput.
- Apart from Senapati Mansingh in Akbar’s army, there were warriors like Syed Haasim, Sayed Ahmed Khan, Bahalol Khan, Multan Khan Ghazi Khan, Bhokal Singh, Khorasan and Wasim Khan who had participated in many wars before this for the Mughals.
- The army of Maharana Pratap was divided into four parts; At the forefront (Haraval) Khakat Khana, Rao Pojanja at the back (Chandraval), Man Singh on the right side and Ramshah Tanwar on the left side, while Pratap himself had his own minister Bhamashah Were stationed in the middle with
- In 1576, Akbar sent Man Singh and Asaf Khan to fight against the army of Maharana Pratap, who had stopped coming to Khamnor. Pratap’s army stopped coming to Haldighat on the other side.
- The biggest sadness for Maharana Pratap was that his brother-in-law Shakti Singh was with the Mughals and was helping him to create a strategy for the war in this mountainous region so that at least the Mughals were in the war.
- On June 21, 1576, both the armies advanced and bloodshed was a fierce battle between the two armies which ended in only four hours.
- Because of the war in the hill area, Maharana Pratap got the benefit because he knew about these terrains well since childhood.
- In this history, this war was considered inconclusive, but Maharana Pratap’s army had rescued the sixteenth century from Akbar’s vast army.
- In Battle of Haldighati, many Rajput warriors, including his commander Hakim Khan Sur, Dodiya Bhim, Mansingh, Ram Singh Tanwar and his son, were killed in the Battle of Haldighati while killing all the big warriors besides Man Singh from Akbar’s army. Had gone
- The most epic incident of the Battle of Haldighati was that when Maharana Pratap Mann Singh reached near and he gave his horse Chetak to Man Singh’s elephant and attacked Man Singh from the spear but Man Singh was saved but His Mahat was killed. When Chetak landed back from the elephant, one leg of Chetak was badly injured by the sword in the elephant trunk.
- Chetak running 5 km from three legs and took away his lord Maharana Pratap from the battlefield and Chetak jumped from a large gully in which Chetak’s life went away. At that time Shakti Singh, the brother of Maharana Pratap, was behind him and Shaktisinh realized his mistake and he helped Maharana Pratap.
- On the other hand, when Mahana Pratap departed from the battle, he was confused at his place, Man Singh (Jhala Man Singh), wearing his crown, confused the Mughals and looted in the battle. The Mughals considered him as a rage and broke on them and Man Singh was martyred.
- Since the Battle of Haldighati and Chetak’s death, his heart was exhausted and he decided to sacrifice the mantle until he won from the Mughals, and decided to live in the jungle, and in the future, except the Chittodra, he occupied the entire Mewar.
- In the Maharana Pratap Museum located in Haldighati, you can see the depiction of all the events that took place during the war. Currently, its ticket is Rs. 80 / – per person, in which you can enjoy a 10 minute animated film made on the life of Maharana Pratap, the Zenas associated with her life and the natural scene.
- The special feature of the Maharana Pratap Museum is that the construction of this museum was not an attempt by the government, but an individual special effort named Mohan Shrimali. Mohan Shrimali is a retired school teacher who created the entire capital of his life by constructing this museum whereas earlier this place was not able to develop and its culture was getting tarnished.